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Planetary Sciences Department
* '''PSD225: Physical Processes of M-Class Planets'''
** Topics discussed will include deformation of soil, sediment, and rock, erosional and depositional processes and landforms, seismicity and plate-tectonics, and structural, geomorphic, and climatic interactions in major tectonic regimes
* '''PSD310: Planetary Geology'''
** Continuation of PSD222. In addition, there will be a survey of significant geological features across the Federation, with an entailed look at the physical processes that produced them. Students will also work in teams for a class project, designing a program for a Class III probe to a hypothetical planet.
* '''PSD320: Geomechanics'''
** Introduction to continuum mechanics: elasticity, fluid dynamics, diffusion, porous flow, multiphase flow, dimensional analysis, and natural convection. Example applications: earthquakes and rock mechanics, flow of glaciers, slope stability, debris flows, groundwater flow, contaminant transport, flow in rivers and channels, mantle and magma convection. Students are required to either have taken, or be concurrently enrolled in, PHYS225, MATH211 and MATH332.
* '''PSD325: Geophysics'''
** Introduction to geophysical methods including refraction and reflection seismology, gravity, magnetics, electrical resistivity, heat flow, and geodesy. Laboratory exercises explore interpretation of geophysical data to determine elastic wave speed, density, magnetic susceptibility, and electrical conductivity at depth. Students are required to either have taken, or be concurrently enrolled in, PHYS225, MATH211 and MATH332.
* '''PSD425: Physical Processes of non-M-Class Planets'''
** A continuation of topics discussed in PSD225, with applications of those subjects on non-M-Class planets. In addition, crystallography, crystal chemistry, and characteristics of rock-forming and ore minerals will be discussed. In addition to PSD225, students are required to either have taken , or be concurrently enrolled in, CHEM422 *'''PSD430: Global Tectonics'''** A continuation of PSD220, with an introduction to large-scale plate tectonics processes and observations including motions on a sphere, polar-wander paths, plate-boundary seismicity, focal mechanisms, gravity, magnetics, and heat flow. Also includes observations and theories of plate deformation and continental dynamics. Case studies will be made on instructor selected Federation worlds. * '''PSD455: Principles of Glaciology'''** Covers snow deposition and metamorphism, avalanches, heat and mass balance at snow and ice surfaces, glacier flow, ice sheets, sea ice, permafrost, methods of paleoclimate reconstruction. Students are required to either have taken, or be concurrently enrolled in, PHYS201.* '''PSD480: Great Geological Issues'''** History and development of geological and paleontological theories and controversies; philosophy and methodology that have driven scientific inquiry in the planetary sciences.

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