We'll examine the major schools of thought within psychology through the lense of four contributors to the field:
- Sigmund Freud
- (1856-1939), an Austrian neurologist, now known as the father of psychoanalysis
- Alfred Adler
- (1870–1937), an Austrian medical doctor, psychotherapist, and founder of the school of individual psychology
- Carl Jung
- (1875–1961), a Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist and founder of analytical psychology.
- Erik Erikson
- (1902-1994), a German-born American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychosocial development of human beings.