Laudean Pre-Revolution Legislature

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Prior to the Great Revolution, the Laudean legislature consisted of three distinct bodies.

House of Electors

The House of Electors was comprised of seven members.

  • The Kings of the six non-Emperor kingdoms.
  • The Feldleser.


Mainly, the Electors dealt with matters concerning the Emperor and his position. They held the power to do the following:

  • elect the emperor and to establish the oath with him;
  • depose the emperor;
  • to hold one of the High Offices ("cabinet" members);
  • to propose legislation and to be consulted on all important affairs by the emperor;

Upper House

The Upper House of the Legislature comprised of two councils with a total of 45 members.

  • The Noble Council: The nobles of the Grand Duchies - 27 members.
  • The Layman Council: Special members of society, including Fielding League leaders, (etc.) - 18 members.

(Note: Before transportation became easily available, the Upper House was often comprised of representatives for the nobles.)


The Upper House had the greatest power of creating legislation in the government. It dealt with all issues of federal mandate, and had the following powers:

  • to propose and approve legislation (which must also be approved by the Emperor);
  • to overrule the decisions of the House of Electors with a 9/10th vote;
  • to overrule the Lower House with a 3/4 vote;
  • to call for the deposition of the emperor;
  • to appoint members of the Lower House.

Lower House

The Lower Parliament of the Legislature included 300 members, which were appointed by the House of Electors from the population of their Duchies. These were the closest to "representatives" of the population as there was. The Lower House dealt with many issues concerning civil liberties and human rights, but had the mandate to discuss all issues.


  • to propose and approve legislation (which must also be approved by the Emperor);
  • overrule the Upper House with a 4/5th vote;

Overrule Power

For legislation to pass, it must be approved by both the Upper and Lower houses. The "overrule" power allows either the Upper or Lower house to pass a legislation regardless if the other house did not pass it, as long as the specific overrule vote majority was passed. After legislation has been approved by both houses (or overruled by one or the other), the Emperor must then also approve the legislation before it goes into effect.

The Emperor can also forcibly "ascend" legislation, if he so desires, to approve it without either legislature's approval. In this situation, any of the three houses can call for an Emperor Overrule (EO). In an EO, all three houses must vote and pass an overrule with 4/5 majority in each house. This, generally, is the beginning of an emperial deposition.